Artificial Intelligence

What is Artificial Intelligence and How it Works

Artificial Intelligence is one of the most fascinating and rapidly growing in every field of business to increase human work potential. But what is it, exactly? Here we will briefly elaborate on what AI is, how it works, and some of the potential applications for the technology. We will also explore some of the controversies surrounding Artificial Intelligence and debate whether or not it poses a threat to humanity.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Christopher Strachey, who went on to become director of the Programming Research Group at Oxford University, created the successful AI programming checkers (draughts) in 1951. The program ran on a Ferranti Mark I computer at the University of Manchester, England for the first time.

AI was a term first used at Dartmouth College in 1956 by Marvin Minsky, a cognitive scientist, who was perhaps the most enthusiastic about the technology’s coming prospects.

Artificial Intelligence can be defined in a number of ways, but at its core, it is the endeavor to create intelligent machines for specific functions to lessen the human burden. AI can also be the automatic approach to doing things, whereas human operates anything manually. The technology scenario depends on software or hardware directives. The majority of the tasks that are difficult for humans are completed through the assistance of AI tools.

AI is related to the field of computer science, dealing with the design and development of intelligent computer systems. AI research is concerned with the problem of how to develop computers that may exhibit intelligent behavior. Expert systems, natural language processing, Robotics, and Machine learning are just a few of the ways AI software can be used.

Types of Artificial Intelligence:

Artificial intelligence is often classified into four types, based on cognitive abilities.

Reactive machines:

These are the simplest AI systems that can only react to the environment and have no capacity for long-term memory. Examples of reactive machines include Deep Blue, the chess-playing computer developed by IBM, and Google’s AlphaGo.

Limited memory:

These AIs can store information temporarily and utilize that information to forecast the future. Example of limited memory AI self-driving cars have to recall obstacle locations to avoid them.

Theory of mind:

These AI systems are able to understand the mental states of other agents and can use this information to make predictions about their behavior. Theory of mind AI is still in its early stages of development and has yet to be deployed in any practical applications.


These are the most advanced AI systems that are aware of their own mental states and can use this information to make decisions and predictions. Self-aware AI is still purely theoretical at this point and it is not clear if such systems will ever be possible.

Read More: 10 Impacts of Artificial Intelligence on Business Operations

How Artificial Intelligence Works:

The workings of Artificial Intelligence are often described in terms of three processes: learning, reasoning, and self-correction.


In order to learn, AI systems are able to store and retrieve information. This process of learning can be either supervised or unsupervised. Supervised learning occurs when the AI system is given a set of training data that includes the correct answers. The AI system then uses this training data to learn how to perform the task. Unsupervised learning occurs when the AI system is given a set of data but not told what the correct answers are. The AI system must then learn to find patterns in the data in order to complete the task.


In order to reason, Artificial Intelligence systems have the ability to understand and draw logical conclusions from the information they have learned. This process of reasoning can be either deductive or inductive. Deductive reasoning is a form of reasoning that allows the AI system to make conclusions based on a set of known facts. Inductive reasoning is a form of reasoning that allows the AI system to make predictions based on patterns that it has observed in the data.


In order to self-correct, AI systems must be able to identify and correct errors in their own reasoning. This process of self-correction is essential for AI systems to improve over time.

Applications of Artificial Intelligence:

Applications of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence was initially used in computers for different programs to speed up the working process of humans. It develops more intelligent and efficient search algorithms. AI is also used in t systems that are designed to solve problems in specific domains such as medicine, finance, and engineering.

  • AI is also used in natural language processing which deals with the task of getting computers to understand human language.
  • Robotics is another area where AI is used extensively. Robotics deals with the design and operation of robots.
  • Machine learning is a subfield of AI that deals with the task of getting computers to learn from data.

AI was only available to large businesses and organizations. They use it with human workers and to keep an eye on everything going on in the workplace. Now, the services of AI consulting and development companies like ITRex are accessible to everyone in or out of any organization. Tiny organizations and firms make use of it to lessen the amount of human force. Business owners use this for the instant completion of a project. People in education, eCommerce, healthcare, gaming, chatbots, marketing, and many other sectors use AI to enhance human cognitive abilities.

In the future, AI will become even more widespread and integrated into our everyday lives. It will be used to automate more tasks and processes and to make decisions for us. We will also see more AI systems that are capable of learning, reasoning, and self-correction. As AI technology continues to develop, its potential applications will become even more diverse and far-reaching.

Artificial Intelligence is a branch of computer science that deals with the task of getting computers to understand human language.

Final Verdict:

Artificial Intelligence is changing industries by applying its technology and helping solve difficult issues. It provides a solution to many fields. The future of AI is very bright and it will definitely change the world as we know it today. While we might not be able to create self-aware machines any time soon, we should concentrate our efforts on memory, learning, and the capacity to base judgments on past experiences. With these capabilities, AI will be able to help humans in many ways. Hope this brief note will help in better understanding What is Artificial Intelligence.

Fawad Malik

Fawad Malik Technology geek by heart, blogger by passion, and founder of, He regularly explores ideas and ways how advanced technology helps individuals, brands and businesses survive and thrive in this competitive landscape. He tends to share the latest tech news, trends, and updates with the community built around Nogentech.

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